Non-canonical function of ADAM10 in presynaptic plasticity

Julia Bär, Tomas Fanutza, Christopher C. Reimann, Lisa Seipold, Maja Grohe, Janike Rabea Bolter, Flemming Delfs, Michael Bucher, Christine E Gee, Michaela Schweizer, Paul Saftig, Marina Mikhaylova

A Disintegrin And Metalloproteinase 10 (ADAM10) plays a pivotal role in shaping neuronal networks by orchestrating the activity of numerous membrane proteins through the shedding of their extracellular domains. Despite its significance in the brain, the specific cellular localization of ADAM10 remains not well understood due to a lack of appropriate tools. Here, using a specific ADAM10 antibody suitable for immunostainings, we discover that ADAM10 is localized to presynapses and especially enriched at presynaptic vesicles of mossy fiber (MF)-CA3 synapses in the hippocampus. These synapses undergo pronounced frequency facilitation of neurotransmitter release, a process that play critical roles in information transfer and neural computation. We demonstrate, that in conditional ADAM10 knockout mice the ability of MF synapses to undergo this type of synaptic plasticity is greatly reduced. The loss of facilitation depends on the cytosolic domain of ADAM10 and association with the calcium sensor synaptotagmin 7 rather than its proteolytic activity. Our findings unveil a new pathway contributing to the regulation of synaptic vesicle exocytosis.

bioRxiv (2024)


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